Debt Management

Debt Management

Debt or borrowed money can play a significant role in helping you achieve your lifestyle goals. However, it is important that debt is managed and structured effectively to minimise borrowing costs.

For most Australians, the family home accounts for a substantial proportion of their total wealth. It’s therefore not surprising that loan repayments attached to the home can often account for significant outlays each month. Speaking to a KnowledgebankIQ Financial Planner can often unlock savings for clients that are achieved through structuring their debt more efficiently.
 

How can a Financial Planner help?

A KnowledgebankIQ Financial Planner can assist you in implementing debt management strategies that could:

  • Help you pay off your loan sooner
  • minimise the interest paid on borrowed funds
  • improve your month on month cash flow position, reducing the burden of minimum repayment amounts
  • potentially provide you with more cash flow at the end of your loan term that can either be used to repay other debt or to make additional investments


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How can a Mortgage Broker help?

Our KnowledgebankIQ Financial Planners are happy to refer you to specialist Mortgage Brokers who can assist you with specific credit product advice such as:

  • Determining your specific funding requirements
  • Helping you chose from a wide variety of lenders
  • Securing a loan with more favourable fees, lending terms or interest rate
  • Submitting the loan paperwork

Please note: KnowledgebankIQ is not responsible for the advice and services provided by the Mortgage Brokers to whom we refer you to.
 

Debt Management in Practice

To demonstrate how debt management advice assists our clients, a hypothetical scenario is presented below.

 

Hypothetical case study: Consolidating debt for Jill and Ben

The situation


Jill and Ben are fictitious young professionals living on the outskirts of Sydney. Their situation is as follows:

  • Purchased their first home in 2009 for $650,000 funded through a home loan. They currently owe $370,000 at 5.5% interest.
  • Married in 2013 costing $46,000 funded through a personal loan. $20,000 currently owing at 15% interest.
  • Recently returned from an extended overseas holiday costing $15,000 paid for on Jill’s personal credit card. Currently owing $10,000 at 19% interest.

Loan

Home Loan

Personal Loan

Credit Card

Total

Balance

$370,000

$20,000

$10,000

$400,000

Rate

5.50%

15%

19%

 

Remaining term

25 years

5 years

No term

 

Monthly repayment

$2,275

$425

$300

$3,000

Total interest

$311,275

$8,547

$4,342

$324,164


 

The potential strategy

Through debt consolidation, Jill and Ben could transfer their existing credit card debt (19% interest) and personal loan debt (15% interest) to their home loan (5% interest) in order to take advantage of a lower interest rate.  By consolidating their debts they could:

  • Pay off all their debt 7.7 years sooner (assuming they continue to pay $3,000 a month)
  • Reduce the amount of interest paid over the term of the loan by $120,061 (assuming they continue to pay $3,000 a month)
  • Reduce their monthly minimum repayments ($3,000 down to $2,456 a month) to free up cash flow for other purposes

 

Current

Minimum repayment

Maintain existing

Loan amount

$400,000

$400,000

$400,000

Monthly repayment

$3,000 p/m

$2,456 p/m

$3,000 p/m

Interest

$324,164

$346,780

$226,719

Term

 

25 years

17.3 years




FAQs

Can you refer me to a Mortgage Broker?

Yes, we can refer you to an accredited mortgage broker for your specific credit product and credit advice needs.  However KnowledgebankIQ is not responsible for the advice and services provided by the Mortgage Brokers to whom we refer you to.

If you refer me to a Mortgage Broker, what costs will I incur?

Mortgage Broker services are provided at no cost you. That’s because the lender will pay the Mortgage Broker for their services in the form of a commission.

I’ve read an offset account can save me money. What’s an offset account?

 A 100% offset account can be operated as your normal transaction account, ensuring you retain complete flexibility and access to your funds. When your interest is calculated, the funds held in this account are ’offset’ against your loan, effectively reducing your interest liability. Using an offset account to its optimum involves keeping all your income and any savings in this account for as long as possible. This effectively minimises the daily balance owing used to calculate your loan interest and as a result, can also reduce the term of your loan.

If you have an investment loan, there is an advantage in making additional repayments into an offset account rather than making the repayments directly into the investment loan. While in both cases you will reduce the effective loan balance and save interest, you are able to withdraw funds from the offset account whilst maintaining full tax deductibility of interest on your loan.

Be aware you may have to pay a fee or higher interest rates for this facility.[1]

 


[1]Understanding debt management, v4.2, MLC, p5


I’ve heard people use the terms “good debt” and “bad debt”. Could you elaborate?

Good debt refers to using borrowed money to purchase assets that generate income. It’s called “good debt” because the asset’s income should improve your total wealth over time and the interest on the loan may be tax deductable.

Bad debt refers to using borrowed money to purchase non-income generating items like clothes and holidays. Whilst they may be enjoyable or even necessary, this sort of debt is unlikely to generate income, be tax deductible, or improve your total wealth.

What is debt recycling?

In some cases, it may be appropriate to consider replacing inefficient debt with more efficient debt that can be used to create wealth tax effectively. This strategy is known as debt recycling but should only be undertaken after a thorough analysis of your financial situation. Debt recycling can be an effective strategy to accumulate wealth over the long-term. It is a process of using surplus capital or cashflow to reduce inefficient debt and then replacing it with efficient debt in the form of an investment loan. The investment loan proceeds are then invested to form part of your investment portfolio. The inefficient debt is eventually extinguished and an investment loan with fully tax deductible interest remains. There is no tax benefit available on debt used for personal purposes, but a tax deduction is available on the interest expense on investment loans where the loan is used to purchase income producing assets. Debt recycling therefore results in a more tax efficient outcome and wealth accumulation benefits through the accumulation of an investment portfolio. Note the investment loan would need to be repaid at some point in time.[1]

 


[1]Understanding debt management, v4.2,MLC, p7


I’ve heard you can borrow money within an SMSF to buy property. Can you tell me more?

This is a strategy gaining popularity and is often achieved through a limited recourse loan.
A limited recourse borrowing arrangement (LRBA) is a loan structure which allows your SMSF to purchase a single asset, or a collection of assets which have the same market price.

The structure works by giving the beneficial ownership of the purchased asset to the SMSF Trustees whilst the legal ownership is held on Trust. This means that a holding Trust is established to hold the asset until the loan is repaid and the legal ownership is transferred to the SMSF Trustees.

Limited recourse means that in the event that you default on the repayments, the lender is only able to take the asset which the loan is held against and not any other assets held in your SMSF. This is why the asset is held in Trust and the fund only holds the beneficial ownership until the debt is repaid in full.
A KnowledgebankIQ Financial Planner can assist you in understanding the benefits and risks associated with such a strategy. Your initial, no obligation meeting with a KnowledgebankIQ Financial Planner is complementary and can be booked at a time that suits you.

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